Welcome to the Pacific Maritime Boundaries Dashboard 

This dashboard is the regional platform for sharing progress and relevant information on Pacific island maritime boundaries and zones. The information displayed has been prepared and deposited with the United Nations by Pacific Island Countries and Territories with support from the Pacific Maritime Boundaries Consortium of Partners and through the Pacific Maritime Boundaries Program.  

What are maritime boundaries? 

Maritime zones and boundaries offer economic, social, cultural, and sustainable development opportunities to coastal states around the world. From territorial waters (12NM), to exclusive economic zones (200NM), to extended continental shelf areas, these zones determine what it is within the sovereign rights and responsibilities of a country under the UN Convention of the Law of the Sea (UNCLOS)

Clearly defined maritime zones underpin the governance, peace and security, marine conservation, and natural resource management of the Blue Pacific. By defining and declaring their maritime zones, Pacific island countries are contributing toward Strategic Priority 1 of the Pacific Oceanscape Framework as well as achieving Sustainable Development Goal Target 14.C- enhancing the conservation and sustainable use of oceans and their resources by implementing UNCLOS.  

Global EEZ

The 22 Pacific Island Countries and Territories manage 20% of the world’s Exclusive Economic Zones.  

Treaties Signed

There are 48 shared boundaries in the Pacific. 35 of these bilateral boundaries have been placed under treaty since 1973. 

High Seas

6 member States out of the 14 have yet to declare high seas boundaries

Capacity

20th regional technical and legal working session on maritime boundaries have been held since 2005. The most recent session in September 2021 included 31% of women. 

Legend

Legend

Exclusive Economic Zone

Datasets

Treaty Line

Datasets

Extended Continental Shelf

Datasets

High Seas Limit

Datasets

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Completed 28 countries
NA 1 countries
1. Low water line mapped
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Completed 27 countries
2. Baseline developed
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Completed 26 countries
NA 1 countries
3. Archipelagic status assessed
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Completed 26 countries
4. Maritime Limits Calculated
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Completed 24 countries
In progress 3 countries
5. Shared boundaries identified
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Complete steps required by treaty to bring it into force internationally, can include exchange of diplomatic notes

6. Shared Boundary? Refer to Treaty Pathway
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Completed 20 countries
In progress 5 countries
Not started 2 countries
7. Harmonize legislation
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Completed 18 countries
In progress 5 countries
Not started 4 countries
8. Declare baselines and limits
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Completed 17 countries
In progress 3 countries
Not started 7 countries
9. Baselines and limits Deposited
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Completed 17 countries
In progress 1 countries
Not started 9 countries
10. Publication
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Completed 21 countries
In progress 10 countries
Not started 2 countries
1. Negotiation of shared boundary
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Completed 21 countries
Not started 11 countries
2. Charts & Schedule of coordinates prepared
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Completed 20 countries
In progress 1 countries
Not started 11 countries
3. Draft treaty approved for signature
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Completed 19 countries
In progress 1 countries
Not started 12 countries
4. Maritime boundary treaty signed
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Completed 19 countries
Not started 13 countries
5. Boundary agreement implemented
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Complete steps required by treaty to bring it into force internationally, can include exchange of diplomatic notes

Completed 12 countries
In progress 7 countries
Not started 13 countries
6. Entry into force
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Completed 12 countries
In progress 5 countries
Not started 15 countries
7. Treaty document deposited with UNT section
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Completed 12 countries
In progress 2 countries
Not started 18 countries
8. Treaty charts and schedule of coordinates deposited with UN DOALS
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Completed 12 countries
In progress 2 countries
Not started 18 countries
9. Publication
Completed
In progress
Not started
NA
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Completed 23 countries
1. Preliminary Submission Lodged
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Completed 6 countries
In progress 1 countries
Not started 17 countries
2. Presented to CLCS
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Completed 6 countries
In progress 1 countries
Not started 17 countries
3. Sub-commission completed or lodged
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Completed 5 countries
Not started 19 countries
4. Recommendation by sub-commission
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Completed 4 countries
In progress 1 countries
Not started 18 countries
5. Sub-commission elected

Pacific Island Countries