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SDG 16 - Peace, Justice and Strong Institutions

SDG 16 - Peace, Justice and Strong Institutions

Promote peaceful and inclusive societies for sustainable development, provide access to justice for all and build effective, accountable and inclusive institutions at all levels

The inclusiveness and transparency of institutions is addressed in Goal 16, although defining and measuring this is difficult. Associated with this is the adoption of legislation or policies to guarantee freedom of information, and while adoption is low in the Pacific, awareness is increasing.

Birth registration is necessary to safeguard individual rights and promote access to justice and social services. The Pacific region has seen improved levels of registration of children under five years due to co-ordinated regional efforts under the Brisbane Accord Group (BAG).

Violence in all its forms, and the official reporting of violence to competent authorities, is also a component of Goal 16. There is currently limited data to report on.

 

Dataset for SDG 16 can be downloaded here

Target 16.1

Significantly reduce all forms of violence and related death rates everywhere

Indicator 16.1.1: Number of victims of intentional homicide per 100,000 population, by sex and age

NOTE: this indicator is not one of the 132 indicators in the Pacific SDG indicator subset

 

Indicator 16.1.2: Conflict-related deaths per 100,000 population, by sex, age and cause

NOTE: this indicator is not one of the 132 indicators in the Pacific SDG indicator subset

 

Indicator 16.1.3: Proportion of population subjected to (a) physical violence, (b) psychological violence and (c) sexual violence in the previous 12 months

Visualisation(s) not yet available

Metadata for indicator 16.1.3 can be downloaded here

 

Indicator 16.1.4: Proportion of population that feel safe walking alone around the area they live

NOTE: this indicator is not one of the 132 indicators in the Pacific SDG indicator subset

Target 16.2

End abuse, exploitation, trafficking and all forms of violence against and torture of children

Indicator 16.2.1: Proportion of children aged 1–17 years who experienced any physical punishment and/or psychological aggression by caregivers in the past month

NOTE: this indicator is not one of the 132 indicators in the Pacific SDG indicator subset

 

Indicator 16.2.2: Number of victims of human trafficking per 100,000 population, by sex, age and form of exploitation

NOTE: this indicator is not one of the 132 indicators in the Pacific SDG indicator subset

 

Indicator 16.2.3: Proportion of young women and men aged 18–29 years who experienced sexual violence by age 18

NOTE: this indicator is not one of the 132 indicators in the Pacific SDG indicator subset

Target 16.3

Promote the rule of law at the national and international levels and ensure equal access to justice for all

Indicator 16.3.1: Proportion of victims of violence in the previous 12 months who reported their victimization to competent authorities or other officially recognized conflict resolution mechanisms

Visualisation(s) not yet available

Metadata for indicator 16.3.1 can be downloaded here

 

Indicator 16.3.2: Unsentenced detainees as a proportion of overall prison population

NOTE: this indicator is not one of the 132 indicators in the Pacific SDG indicator subset

Target 16.4

By 2030, significantly reduce illicit financial and arms flows, strengthen the recovery and return of stolen assets and combat all forms of organized crime

Indicator 16.4.1: Total value of inward and outward illicit financial flows (in current United States dollars)

NOTE: this indicator is not one of the 132 indicators in the Pacific SDG indicator subset

 

Indicator 16.4.2: Proportion of seized, found or surrendered arms whose illicit origin or context has been traced or established by a competent authority in line with international instruments

NOTE: this indicator is not one of the 132 indicators in the Pacific SDG indicator subset

Target 16.5

Substantially reduce corruption and bribery in all their forms

Indicator 16.5.1: Proportion of persons who had at least one contact with a public official and who paid a bribe to a public official, or were asked for a bribe by those public officials, during the previous 12 months

NOTE: this indicator is not one of the 132 indicators in the Pacific SDG indicator subset

 

Indicator 16.5.2: Proportion of businesses that had at least one contact with a public official and that paid a bribe to a public official, or were asked for a bribe by those public officials during the previous 12 months

NOTE: this indicator is not one of the 132 indicators in the Pacific SDG indicator subset

Target 16.6

Develop effective, accountable and transparent institutions at all levels

Indicator 16.6.1: Primary government expenditures as a proportion of original approved budget, by sector (or by budget codes or similar)

Visualisation(s) not yet available

Metadata for indicator 16.6.1 can be downloaded here

 

Indicator 16.6.2: Proportion of population satisfied with their last experience of public services

NOTE: this indicator is not one of the 132 indicators in the Pacific SDG indicator subset

Target 16.7

Ensure responsive, inclusive, participatory and representative decision-making at all levels

Indicator 16.7.1: Proportions of positions (by sex, age, persons with disabilities and population groups) in public institutions (national and local legislatures, public service, and judiciary) compared to national distributions

No data for indicator 16.7.1 is currently available and its methodology is still under development, please see here

 

Indicator 16.7.2: Proportion of population who believe decision-making is inclusive and responsive, by sex, age, disability and population group

No data for indicator 16.7.2 is currently available and its methodology is still under development, please see here

Target 16.8

Broaden and strengthen the participation of developing countries in the institutions of global governance

Indicator 16.8.1: Proportion of members and voting rights of developing countries in international organizations

NOTE: this indicator is not one of the 132 indicators in the Pacific SDG indicator subset

Target 16.9

By 2030, provide legal identity for all, including birth registration

Indicator 16.9.1: Proportion of children under 5 years of age whose births have been registered with a civil authority, by age

Metadata for indicator 16.9.1 can be downloaded here

Target 16.10

Ensure public access to information and protect fundamental freedoms, in accordance with national legislation and international agreements

Indicator 16.10.1: Number of verified cases of killing, kidnapping, enforced disappearance, arbitrary detention and torture of journalists, associated media personnel, trade unionists and human rights advocates in the previous 12 months

NOTE: this indicator is not one of the 132 indicators in the Pacific SDG indicator subset

 

Indicator 16.10.2: Number of countries that adopt and implement constitutional, statutory and/or policy guarantees for public access to information

Visualisation(s) not yet available

Metadata for indicator 16.10.2 can be downloaded here

Target 16.A

Strengthen relevant national institutions, including through international cooperation, for building capacity at all levels, in particular in developing countries, to prevent violence and combat terrorism and crime

Indicator 16.A.1: Existence of implementation plan for the different UN Treaty Body recommendations and UPR recommendations which are fully or partially resourced

NOTE: this is a Pacific Proxy Indicator modified from the global definition: Existence of independent national human rights institutions in compliance with the Paris Principles

Visualisation(s) not yet available

Target 16.B

Promote and enforce non-discriminatory laws and policies for sustainable development

Indicator 16.B.1: Proportion of population reporting having personally felt discriminated against or harassed in the previous 12 months on the basis of a ground of discrimination prohibited under international human rights law

NOTE: this indicator is not one of the 132 indicators in the Pacific SDG indicator subset